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najafi M, sajedi R, shamsipour Dehkord P. The effect of lifestyle on cognitive triangle and mental health the elderly. Journal of Geriatric Nursing 2019; 5 (3)
URL: http://jgn.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-336-en.html
Alzahra University , r.sajedi@student.alzahra.ac.ir
Abstract:   (2532 Views)
Introduction and purpose: Aging is a process over time that leads to negative structural and functional changes in the loss of adaptation and coordination both physically and mentally. An active lifestyle can minimize the progression of many debilitating conditions and chronic diseases, as well as help achieve aging and healthy well-being. The aim of the present study was to compare the cognitive triangle and mental health in the elderly living in nursing homes, homes and active elderly.
Materials and Methods: The present was causal-comparative. The statistical population consisted of the elderly (40 people from each group) living in a nursing home, living at home and an athlete in Malayer. 120 elderly were selected by convenience sampling method based on inclusion criteria. Data collection was performed using demographic questionnaires, cognition triangle and GHQ general health questionnaire. Multivariate analysis of variance and Tukey post hoc test were used to analyze the data.
findings: Active elderly had significantly better scores of physical symptoms, anxiety and depression than the other two groups and the elderly living in the home group had better physical symptoms, anxiety and depression than the resident group of the nursing home. For the variable of social symptoms, there was a significant difference between the mean scores of the active elderly group and the elderly living in nursing homes (p <0.05). The active elderly had higher mean physical symptoms than the other two groups, There was no significant difference in nursing homes. There are significant pair differences between the scores of the cognitive triangle components of self-attitude, attitude towards the future and attitude towards the world in the groups of active elderly, home residents and nursing home residents (p <0.05). The active elderly had a significantly better score in the three components of the cognitive triangle than the other two groups and the elderly in the home group had a better score in the triangular components than the resident group in the nursing home.
Conclusion: Findings of this study show that physical activity helps to improve mental health and cognitive triangle, so to maintain mental and physical health of the elderly should be appropriate strategies.Introduction and purpose: Aging is a process over time that leads to negative structural and functional changes in the loss of adaptation and coordination both physically and mentally. An active lifestyle can minimize the progression of many debilitating conditions and chronic diseases, as well as help achieve aging and healthy well-being. The aim of the present study was to compare the cognitive triangle and mental health in the elderly living in nursing homes, homes and active elderly.
Materials and Methods: The present was causal-comparative. The statistical population consisted of the elderly (40 people from each group) living in a nursing home, living at home and an athlete in Malayer. 120 elderly were selected by convenience sampling method based on inclusion criteria. Data collection was performed using demographic questionnaires, cognition triangle and GHQ general health questionnaire. Multivariate analysis of variance and Tukey post hoc test were used to analyze the data.
findings: Active elderly had significantly better scores of physical symptoms, anxiety and depression than the other two groups and the elderly living in the home group had better physical symptoms, anxiety and depression than the resident group of the nursing home. For the variable of social symptoms, there was a significant difference between the mean scores of the active elderly group and the elderly living in nursing homes (p <0.05). The active elderly had higher mean physical symptoms than the other two groups, There was no significant difference in nursing homes. There are significant pair differences between the scores of the cognitive triangle components of self-attitude, attitude towards the future and attitude towards the world in the groups of active elderly, home residents and nursing home residents (p <0.05). The active elderly had a significantly better score in the three components of the cognitive triangle than the other two groups and the elderly in the home group had a better score in the triangular components than the resident group in the nursing home.
Conclusion: Findings of this study show that physical activity helps to improve mental health and cognitive triangle, so to maintain mental and physical health of the elderly should be appropriate strategies.
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2019/04/21 | Accepted: 2019/05/5 | Published: 2019/05/10

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