Volume 4, Issue 1 (Autumn 2017)                   2017, 4(1): 48-58 | Back to browse issues page

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Sheykholeslami A, Samadifard H. Death Anxiety in the Elderly: The Role of Cognitive Failures, Flexibility and Distortion. Journal title 2017; 4 (1) :48-58
URL: http://jgn.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-244-en.html
MA of Psychology, Faculty of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, Iran , hrsamadifard@ymail.com
Abstract:   (6319 Views)
Introduction and purpose: Death anxiety is the most important factor among elderly. This study was aimed to identify the relationship between cognitive failures, flexibility and distortion with death anxiety among elderly living in Ardabil city.
Material and Methods: In this descriptive study, 130 Elderly men were selected using convenience sampling method from all elderly men over 60 years old in Ardabil city, 2017. Data were collected using the cognitive failures questionnaire (CFQ), cognitive flexibility scale (CFI), cognitive distortion scale (ICDS) and death anxiety scale (DAS). Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression methods.
Findings:The results showed a significant relationship between cognitive failures (r=0.62), cognitive flexibility (r=-0.57) and cognitive distortion (r=0.60) with death anxiety (p<0.05). Beta coefficients for cognitive failures was 0.37, cognitive flexibility -0.26 and cognitive distortion 0.36 and these indicators significantly predict  death anxiety of elderly (p<0.05).
Conclusion: From this study, it can be concluded that elderly with higher levels of cognitive failures and distortion suffer from higherer death anxiety, while higher cognitive flexibility could decrease their death anxiety.
Keywords: Anxiety, Aged, Cognition.
Full-Text [PDF 198 kb]   (2729 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/09/8 | Accepted: 2017/11/12 | Published: 2017/12/16

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