Volume 2, Issue 1 (Autumn 2015)                   2015, 2(1): 19-28 | Back to browse issues page

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Kazemi A, Ghanbarzadeh M. Comparison of Different Concurrent Training on Physical Performance and Components of Body Composition in Elderly . Journal of Geriatric Nursing 2015; 2 (1) :19-28
URL: http://jgn.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-157-en.html
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Abstract:   (4565 Views)

Introduction and purpose: Aging is an inevitable process accompanied with a reduction in ability to perform daily living activities and a sedentary lifestyle. The purpose of this study was to compare different methods of concurrent training on physical performance and components of body composition among inactive elderly women.

Materials and Methods: Forty volunteers and inactive elderly women participated in this quasi-experimental study. Participants were randomly assigned into 4 groups including resistance- endurance training (n = 10), endurance- resistance training (n = 9), interval training (n = 12) and controls (n = 9). The experimental groups participated in a 6-week exercise program consisting of 3 sessions per week. One-way ANOVA and t-test were conducted to determine significant changes within and between groups, respectively.

Findings: The results indicated no significant changes between experimental groups after 8 weeks in the body fat (p = 0.08), waist hip ratio (p = 0.55), upper body strength (p = 0.07), systolic (p = 0.28) and diastolic blood pressure (p = 0.15). However, a significant reduction was observed in weight (p = 0.02), waist circumference (p = 0.01), hip circumference (p = 0.017), body mass index (p = 0.03), Vo2max (p = 0.03) and lower body strength (p = 0.001).

Conclusion: According to results from this study it can be concluded that elderly women may benefit from advantages of concurrent training accordingly.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/08/15 | Accepted: 2015/10/17 | Published: 2015/12/6

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