Volume 1, Issue 1 (َAutumn 2014)                   jgn 2014, 1(1): 64-72 | Back to browse issues page

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Akhoondzadeh G, Akhoondzadeh J. Effectiveness of memory recall on memory performance of elderly. jgn. 2014; 1 (1) :64-72
URL: http://jgn.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-58-en.html
Abstract:   (3326 Views)

Introduction and purpose: With increasing age, cognitive impairment such as memory loss is considered as a natural process in which initially, short-term memory is affected. Recalling memories usually is a conceptual approach to evaluate and review the events of life and is considered as a psychological process. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of group memory recall on the status of elderly’s memory.

Materials and Methods: This study was a time series quasi-experiment in which 45 elderly from day care centers in Golestan province were included using convenience sampling method. Subjects were divided into four groups and attended eight interventional sessions for 45 to 90 minutes per session.  Memory performance before and after intervention was assessed by Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS) and data analysis was performed by paired t-test.

Findings: The results of this study showed that there is a significant difference in the mean of memory performance before 87 (SD=7) and after intervention 92 (SD=10).  In addition, there was a significant difference in the mean of three subscales of memory performance including visual memory (p<0.01), logical memory (P < 0.01) and digit memory (p <0.03).

Conclusion: According to the results of this study, it can be concluded that group memory recall improves memory performance among elderly. Therefore, group memory recall is a convenient, efficient and cost-effective approach which can be used in elderly day care centers as well as home care.   

Full-Text [PDF 139 kb]   (674 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/09/13 | Accepted: 2014/01/4 | Published: 2014/10/22

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