Volume 3, Issue 1 (Autumn 2016)                   jgn 2016, 3(1): 101-109 | Back to browse issues page


XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Arabzadeh M. the factor structure, reliability and validity of Farsi version of the Optimization in Primary and Secondary Control Scale in older people. jgn. 2016; 3 (1) :101-109
URL: http://jgn.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-201-en.html
Associate Professor Faculty of Education and Psychology, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran , MEHDI_ARABZADEH@HOTMAIL.COM
Abstract:   (1204 Views)

Introduction and purpose: Optimization in Primary and Secondary Control Scale designed at 1998 by Heckhausen and colleagues in Germany. Therefore, this study was designed to assess psychometric properties of Optimization in Primary and Secondary  Control Scale (OPS) in older adults.

Material and Methods: This descriptive study used convenience sampling method, adopted from the theory of Klein, to collect 310 elderly men and women in Tehran city.

Findings: Our samples consisted of 142 women and 168 men with an average age of 68.94 years old. The exploratory factor analysis was run using principal component analysis which extracted five components (optimization, selective primary control, compensatory primary control, selective secondary control and compensatory secondary Control).  Reliability was ensured by test-retest (0.58 to 0.72) and Cronbach’s alphas (0.57 to 0.74). The factor-based internal consistency in the English version ranged from 0.61 to 0.82.

Conclusion: Our findings suggest that Persian version of the OPS is a valid and reliable tool to assess utilization of lifespan optimization and control strategies in elderly populations. In recent years, successful aging has been the centre of researchers’ attention due to importance of elderly ability to control life events. Therefore, it is of great importance to adopt a valid and reliable instrument for measuring utilization of lifespan optimization and control strategies in elderly populations. Optimization in Primary and Secondary Control Scale in older adults, including, reliability, validity, confirmatory and exploratory factor analysis was the purpose of this study.

Full-Text [PDF 178 kb]   (284 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/11/11 | Accepted: 2016/12/5 | Published: 2016/12/10

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author


© 2018 All Rights Reserved | Iranian Journal of Geriatric Nursing

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb