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sajedi R, najafian F, shamsipourDehkord P. The interactive effect of physical activity level and gender on inhibitory and behavioral activation systems in the elderly. Journal of Geriatric Nursing 2019; 5 (3)
URL: http://jgn.medilam.ac.ir/article-1-330-en.html
Alzahra University , fnajafian95@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2273 Views)
Introduction and purpose: Various scientific evidences indicate an active lifestyle as a key factor in the continuation of successful aging. Nervous systems, on the other hand, potentially underlie thoughts, emotions, personality factors, and emotional reactions associated with approachable and avoidant behaviors. Exercise has been shown to lead to neurological changes and increase brain function and mental health. The aim of this study was to investigate the interactive effect of physical activity and gender on inhibition and behavioral activation systems in the elderly.
Materials and Methods: The statistical population of this study consisted of active and inactive elderly with an age range (60-70) years from Kermanshah. Sampling method was available. The samples of this study included 95 subjects (63 males and 32 females) active and inactive elderly. The evaluation tool was Carver and White (1994) Behavioral Inhibition / Activation Systems Questionnaire and measured the level of physical activity.


findings: The results of two-way analysis of variance to compare the behavioral activation system in active and inactive men and women showed the main effect of gender (p = 0.83), the main effect of physical activity (p = 0.28), the interactive effect of gender and physical activity (p 0.88). =) Is not meaningful. Comparison of means showed that active male elderly have higher mean of behavioral activation system and inactive female elderly have lower mean of behavioral activation system. The results of two-way analysis of variance to compare the behavioral inhibition system in active and inactive male and female elderly showed that the main effect of gender is significant (p = 0.002). Comparison of means showed that older men have a higher average behavioral inhibition system than older women. Comparison of means showed that the active male elderly have a higher mean behavioral inhibition system and the inactive elderly elderly have a lower mean behavioral inhibition system.
Conclusion:: Findings of this study show that physical activity has an effect on nerve function and improving the quality of life of the elderly. On the other hand, due to gender differences in the functioning of brain-behavioral systems and barriers to exercise for the elderly, including health, pain, laziness and lack of motivation, On the other hand, due to gender differences in the activity of brain-behavioral systems and barriers to exercise for the elderly, including health, pain, laziness and lack of motivation, health and fitness professionals who work with adults with proper planning and motivation of the elderly. Lead to physical activity and exercise.
 
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/04/9 | Accepted: 2019/04/30 | Published: 2019/05/10

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